Đề kiểm tra trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 12, unit 7: Economic reforms (Đề 1)

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1-5. Pick out the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of the other words.

1. A. suitable B. biscuit C. guilty D. building

2. A. nature B. change C. gravity D. basic

3 A. come B. roll C. comb D. grow

4. A. promise B. devise C. surprise D. realise

5 A. dusty B. custom C. super D. muscle

6-10. Pick out the word that has the stress differently words. from that of the words.

6. A. economic B. economy C. economical D. economically

7. A. reaffirm B. eliminate C. priority D. particular

8 A. subsequent B. undergo C. government D. enterprise

9. A. minority B. particular C. commitment D. subsidy

10 . A. dominate B. substantial C. agriculture D. national


11-25. Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D that best completes each sentence.

11. She doesn’t want to …… a big emotional commitment to Steve at the moment.

A. do B. make C. complete D. create

12. In the next few years most …. enterprises will become joint-stock companies.

A. state-owned B. public C. individual D. A and B

13. The government has …. guidelines on the treatment of the mentally ill.

A. drawn B. drawn up C. drawn out D. drawn of

14. A large number of churches….. ruin after the war.

A. fell into B. fell down C. collapsed into D. spoiled into

15. Wage increases must be in line inflation.

A. of B. at C. for D. with

16. If they entered the building they would be ….. the law.

A. breaking B. violating C. against D. All are correct

17. Defence attorneys can use any means…… the law to get their Client off.

A. of B. inside C. within D. at

18. The government has …… top priority to reforming the tax System.

A. given B. formed C. planned D. taken

19. We must take preventive measures ….. crime in the area.

A. reduce B. reducing C. to reduce D. at reducing

20. Jane is a very good student of languages. Her brother Michael, …. Has never been able to master another language.

A. therefore B. even though

C. whereas D. on the other hand

21. The ancient Aztec of Mexico had no technology for making tools from metal……., they had Sharp knives and spears made from a stone called obsidian.

A. Whereas B. Although C. Nevertheless D. Despite

22. Kimberly missed the meeting without a good reason ….. she had been told that it was critical that she be there.

A. despite B. despite the fact that

C. even D. however

23. I usually enjoy attending productions in small community theaters. The play we attended last night, ……, was so bad that I wanted to leave after the first act.

A. therefore B. however C. whereas D. even though

24. Some snakes are poisonous, …….others are harmless.

A. but B. so C. for D. despite

25. Most 15th century Europeans believed that the world was flat and that a ship could conceivably sail off the end of the earth. …., many sailors of the time refused to venture forth with explorers into unknown waters.

A. Due to the fact that B. Nevertheless

C. Therefore D. whereas

26 – 30. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.

26. This new Computer is very easy to use. Somebody can learn how to use it in a very short time.


27. There are a few shops at the end of the Street but neither of them sell newspapers and magazines.


28. The tickets that you orderedthey will be delivered tomorrow.


29. If I go to bed late in the evening, I had a headache after that.


30. The great digital advances of the electronic age. Such as integrated circuitry and a microcomputer, has been planted in tiny chips.


31-35. Choose the correct sentence among A, B, C or D which has the same meaning as the given one.

31. I’m sure you’ll have a great time even though I won’t be there.

A. Even though without me, you’ll have a great time, Fm sure.

B. Without my being there but I’m sure you’ll have a great time.

C. Despite without my being there, I’m sure you’ll have a great time

D. Having a great time though I won’t be there, I’m sure.

32. We’ve been invited to their wedding anniversary, so we decided to go.

A. To be invited to their wedding anniversary, we decided to go.

B. Having been invited to their wedding anniversary, we decided to go.

C. We decided to go to their wedding anniversary despite not having been invited.

D. Having been invited to their wedding anniversary and we decided to go.

33. The concert wasn’t as good as we had expected.

A. The concert wasn’t so good as we had seen.

B. We expected the concert to be worse.

C. We thought the concert would be much better.

D. The concert was thought to be as good.

34. “Why didn’t you join your friends on the trip?” she asked.

A. She asked me why I didn’t join her friends on the trip.

B. She wanted to know why I hadn’t joined my friends on the trip.

C. She asked for the reason I hadn’t joined my friends on the trip.

D. She asked me why didn’t I join my friends on the trip.

35. The sooner you stop drinking, the better you’ll feel.

A. When you stop drinking, you’ll begin to feel better.

B. As soon as you feel better, stop drinking.

C. You’ve stopped drinking so you feel better.

D. If you stop to drink sooner, you’ll feel better.


36 – 45. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage:

Quite apart from the economic similarity between present-day automation and the mechanization which has been proceeding for centuries, it must also be stressed that even in the United States automation is by no means the only factor (36)….. people from existing jobs.

The increasing number of unneeded workers in (37)…. years has been the result of much more simple and old-fashioned influences: farm labourers have been (38)…. out of work by bigger tractors, miners by the cheapness of oil, and railwaymen by better roads.

It is quite wrong, therefore, to think of automation as some new monster whose arrival (39)…. the existence of employment in the same way that the arrival of myxomatosis threatened the existence of the rabbit. Automation is one (40)….. of technological change, which itself is only one of the several changes (changes in tastes, changes in social patterns, changes in organization) which (41)…. in certain jobs disappearing and certain skills ceasing to be required. And even in America, which has a level of technology and output per (42)…. much in (43)….. of Britain’s, there is no (44)…. that the (45)…. of change is actually speeding up.

Nevertheless changes in the amount of labour needed to produce a certain output are proceeding fairly rapidly in America – and in other countries – and my proceed more rapidly in future. Indeed it is one of the main objects of economic policy.

36. A. displacing B. ridding C. extracting D. dismissing

37. A. recent B. later C. passed D. elapsed

38. A. set B. fixed C. put D. dismissed

39. A. shadows B. evades C. intimidates D. threatens

40. A. face B. point C. aspect D. angle

41. A. result B. reside C. end D. terminate

42. A. human B. head C. unit D. piece

43. A. advance B. foreground C. precedence D. prevalence

44. A. signal B. evidence C. demonstration D. incidence

45. A. step B. rush C. pace D. leap

46 – 50. Choose the item among A, B, c or D that best answers the question about the passage:

In recent years many countries of the world have been with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Some experts claim the answer is to make jobs more varied. But do more various jobs lead to greater productivity? There is evidence to suggest that while variety certainly makes the workers’ life more enjoyable, it does not actually make him work harder. As far as increasing productivity is concerned, then variety is not an important factor.

Other experts feel that giving the worker freedom to do his job in his own way is important, and there is no doubt that this is true. The problem is that this kind of freedom cannot easily be given in the modem factory with its complicated machinery which must be used very little that can be done to create it.

Another very important consideration is how each worker contributes to the product he is making. In most factories the worker sees only one part of the product. Some car factories are now experimenting with having many small production lines rather than one large one, so that each worker contributes more to the production of the cars on his line, it would seem that not only is degree of the worker contribution an important factor, therefore, but it is also one we can do something about.

To what extent does more money lead to greater productivity? The workers themselves certainly think this is important. But perhaps they want more money only because the work they do is boring. Money just lets them enjoy their spare time more. A similar argument may explain demands for shorter working hours. Perhaps if we succeed in making their jobs more interesting, they will neither want more money, nor will shorter working hours be so important to them.

46. Which of the following is the best way to make workers work harder according to the author?

A. Increasing their pay.

B. Giving them more spare time.

c. Making the work itself meaningful.

D. Replacing large production lines with small ones.

47. The reason why a worker cannot have freedom in doing the job in his own way is that …….

A. the machinery is so complex that it should be fixed

B. the production lines are too large in modern factories

C. the bosses can create very little freedom of choices for workers

D. the machines must be operated strictly according to instructions and rules

48. For a worker on an assembly line in a car factory, the job is not enjoyable because ………

A. he can only make a part of a car

B. he does not know what he is doing

C. his life in spare time is more interesting

D. the importance of his job is not clear to him

49. In the article, the word “productivity” means ……

A. the activity of producing something

B. the production volume in a time unit

C. the plan and the method of production

D. both the quantity and quality of a product

50. The best title for this passage may be …….

A. Problems of Modern Workers

B. Making Jobs More Interesting

C. Pushing Workers to Produce More

D. How to Improve Labor Productivity

DA unit 7

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