Đề thi học sinh giỏi TP. Hồ Chí Minh -Tiếng anh 9 – năm học 2012-2013

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PART ONE: USE OF ENGLISH Choose the word or phrase (A, B, c, or D) that best completes the sentence. 1. The more important an exam is,________________________ A. the more you’ll get nervous B. the more nervous will you get C. the most nervous you’ll be D. the more nervous you’ll get 2. I wish they_______________ less noise; I’m trying to...

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PART ONE: USE OF ENGLISH

Choose the word or phrase (A, B, c, or D) that best completes the sentence.

1. The more important an exam is,________________________

A. the more you’ll get nervous

B. the more nervous will you get

C. the most nervous you’ll be

D. the more nervous you’ll get

2. I wish they_______________ less noise; I’m trying to concentrate.

A. are making

B. could make

C. would be making

D. had made

3. There’s no point______________ him for money; he won’t lend you any.

A. asking

B. to ask

C. for asking

D. in having asked

4. I’m sorry I_______________________your name again.

A. forget

B. have forgot

C. forgot

D. am forgetting

5. There___________________________.

A. came out new teacher

B. is our new teacher coming

C. is coming our new teacher

D. our new teacher comes

6. I don’t want to be hard on you, but you_____________me before using

my laptop.

A. must have asked

B. might have asked

C. needn’t have asked

D. may as well ask

7. Hardly__________ time to go to the cinema these days.

A. should I find

B. that I can find

C. when I can find

D. can I find

8. I met___________________ man in the conference.

A. a tall American interesting

B. an interesting tall American

C. so tall an American interesting

D. an American tali interesting

9. The whole place has been ________________ in such a way to provide

the disabled with easy access to all the facilities.

A. laid out

B. put up

C. set about

D. arranged for

10. The doctor has been_____________to deal with an emergency.

A. cut out

B. sent up

C. called away

D. told off

11. She watched___________fascination when he was sketching.

A. in

B. from

C. with

D. on

12. What is your response_________this forum?

A. of

B. with

C. to

D. about

13. A person’s________with determine what they believe is

right or wrong

A. psychocology

B. civies

C. ethics

D. identification

14. It’s possible to get a speeding ticket if you_________the speed limit

A. pass

B. overcome

C. extend

D. exceed

15. The threat of failing an exam provides the________to work harder.

A. go-ahead

B. incentive

C. inspiration

D. vitality

16. It is____________cold outside. Do not go out, please.

A. bitterly

B. scorching

C. frozen

D. ice.

17. I did some______________ around the house before I turned on the TV.

A. pins and needles

B. ups and downs

C. ins and outs

D. odds and ends

18. It takes me a long time to save enough money for a nice vacation, so

such trips are________________ for me.

A. few and far between

B. up and about

C. big shots

D. hot air

19. Yu Na: “I’ll take part in the beauty contest.’’ Father: _______________ ”

A. It is really kid’s stuff!

B. I’m sorry about that contestant,

C. You’ll do nothing of the kind.

D. I can’t say it worries me!

20. Lucas: _________________ ” Sarah: “Isn’t my pigeon. ’’

A. That’s a nice dove.

B. Mike is in deep trouble.

C. What’s the matter with you?

D. What’s the symbol of peace?

WORD FORMS

Use the correct form of the word given to fill in each blank.

1. He’s a university student majoring in_______________ . (climate)

2. The teacher gave us a(n)________ lesson on conservation, (introduce)

3. To be completely fair, we need a(n)________________ person, (interest)

4. The inauguration ceremony was given______________ coverage, (world)

5. After working really hard for the examination, he deserved a(n) holiday, (earn)

6. Such important work needs_________________ . (exact)

7. The article I read the other day was quite_____________________ . That’s

why I keep it for later reference, (inform)

8.___________________ enough, no-one else has applied for the job. (Amaze)

9. Please check the____________ of the language lab on that day. (avail)

10. The tendency now is to____________ our cell phone ringtones, (person)

PART TWO: CLOZE TESTS

Read the passage and choose the best option (A, B, C, or D) for each blank space.

PASSAGE A

Every year about seventeen million animals are used in laboratory

(1)____________. But in many countries today, a difficult question is being

asked: Do we have the (2)_________ to use animals this way?

The case for using animals in research

The use of animals in medical research has many practical (3)__________ .

Animal research has enabled researchers to develop (4)_______________ for

many diseases, such as heart disease and depression. It wouldn’t have

been possible, years ago, to develop vaccines for diseases like smallpox

and polio (5)____ ,_____ animal research. Every drug anyone takes today

was (6)________ first on animals. Future medical research is (7)____________

on the use of animals. Which is more important: the life of a rat or

of a three-year-old child?

Medical research is also a(n) (9)_____________ way of using unwanted

animals. Last year, over twelve million animals had to be killed in animal

because nobody wanted them as pets.

The case against using animals in research

The fact that humans benefit cannot be used to (11)__________________

using animals in research any more than experimenting on other

humans. Animals (12)____________ a lot during these experiments. They

are forced to live in small cages, and they may be unable to move. Much

of the research that is (13)________out is unnecessary anyway.

Animals have the same rights as humans do to be able to move

freely and not to have pain or fear forced on them. Researchers must

find other ways of doing their research, using cell (14)_________________ and

computer modeling. There should be no animals in research laboratories

(15) _________.

1. A. assignments B. trials C. experiments D. inspections
2. A. law B. way C. equality D. right
3. A. revenues B. benefices C. benefits D.advances
4. A. treatments B. solutions C. treats D. symptoms
5. A.because of B. let alone C. thanks to D. without
6. A. tested B. assigned C. conducted D. imposed
7. A. rested B. originated C. relevant D.dependent
8. A. this B. which C. that D. one
9. A. embarrassing B. sickening C. expedient D. satisfactory
10. A.cages B. shelters C. gatherings D.houses
11. A. justify B. satisfy C. popularize D. reason
12. A. suffer B. tolerate C.bear D. torture
13. A.done B. undertaken C. carried D. passed
14. A. transform B. format C. pattern D. culture
15. A. at least B. in the least C. all the same D. in all

Fill in each of the blanks in the following passage with ONE suitable word.

PASSAGE B

As technology develops, robots are programmed to do more amazing

things. Here are some of the most important (1)_________________ in which

they help humans.

Robots are being installed in many hospitals around the world. They

have already been used for a variety of operations (2)_______________ heart

surgery. (3)______________ to surgeons, the work robots can do is more

accurate than the work humans can do. Robots can also help people

with (4)______________ . For example, robotic arms have been used by

people with missing limbs for many years. Now a new robotic arm has

been (5)_____________ which is controlled by thought. For the first time

(6)_______________ , somebody with a false robotic arm just needs to

think about a movement like (7)___________ up a book, and the Neuro-

Controlled Bionic Arm will do it. The arm has already been successful,

but doctors are (8)_________ developing it. They predict that (9)___________

faster and stronger version will be (10)____________ a few years’ time.

In South Korea, the robot Olympics takes place every year. It (11)________

together groups around the world who are (12)_____________ with robots. At

the event, children as young as six build and program robotic creations

that can do all kinds of things such as run or kick a football. Robot Wars

is (13)__________ form of entertainment for robot lovers. It’s as TV show

that (14)________ remote-controlled robot vehicles taking part in games.

The most popular game is when teams of people cause the vehicles to

fight each other (15)___________ only one robot survives. Other games

include robot races and robot football.

PASSAGE C

The potential of computers for increasing the control of organizations

or society (16)____________ their members and for invading the privacy

of those members has (17)__________________ considerable concern.

The privacy issue has been (18)_______________ most insistently with

(19)____________ to the creation and maintenance of data files that

assemble (20)____________ about persons from a multitude of sources.

Files of this kind would be highly valuable for many kinds of economic

and social research, but they are bought at too high a (21)_________________

if they endanger human freedom or seriously enhance the opportunities

of blackmailers. (22)____________ such dangers should not be ignored, it

should be noted that the lack of comprehensive data files has never

(23)_____________ been the limiting barrier to the suppression of human

freedom.

Making the computer the villain in the (24)_______________ of privacy or

encroachment on civil liberties simply diverts attention from the real

dangers. Computer data banks can and must be given the highest

(25)__________ of protection from abuse. But we must be careful, also,

that we do not employ crude methods of protection as to deprive our

society (26)_____________ important data it needs to understand its own

social process and to analyze its problems.

Perhaps the most important questions of all about the computer is

(27)__________ it has done and will do to man’s view of himself and his

place in the universe. The (28)__________ heated attacks on the computer

are not focused on its possible economic effects, its presumed destruction

of job (29)__________ , or its threat to privacy and liberty, but upon the

claim that it causes people to be viewed, and to view (30)_______________ as

machines.

PART THREE: READING COMPREHENSION

Choose the item (A, B, c, or D) that best completes the unfinished

statement about the passage.

PASSAGE A

Because the low latitudes of the Earth, the areas near the equator,

receive more heat than the latitude near the poles, and because the nature

of heart is to expand and move, heat is transported from the tropics to

the middle and high latitudes. Some of this heat is moved by winds and

some by ocean currents, and some gets stored in the atmosphere in the

form of latent heat. The term “latent heat” refers to the energy that has

to be used to convert liquid water to water vapor. We know that if we

warm a pan of water on a stove, it will evaporate, or turn into vapor,

faster than if it is allowed to sit at room temperature. We also know that if

we hang wet clothes outside in the summertime they will dry faster than

in winter, when temperatures are colder. The energy used in both cases

to change liquid water to water vapor is supplied by heat – supplied by

the stove in the first case and by the Sun in the latter case. This energy

is not lost. It is stored in water vapor in the atmosphere as latent heat.

Eventually, the water stored as vapor in the atmosphere will condense to

liquid again, and the energy will be release to the atmosphere.

In the atmosphere, a large portion of the Sun’s incoming energy is

used to evaporate water, primarily in the tropical oceans. Scientists have

tried to quantify this proportion of the Sun’s energy. By analyzing

temperature, water vapor, and wind data around the globe, they have

estimated the quantity to be about 90 watts per square meter, or nearly

30 percent of the Sun’s energy. Once this latent heat is stored within the

atmosphere, it can be transported, primarily to higher latitudes, by

prevailing, large-scale winds. Or it can be transported vertically to

higher levels in the atmosphere, where it forms clouds and subsequent

storms, which then release the energy back to the atmosphere.

1. The passage mainly discussed how heat______________________ .

A. is transformed and transported in the Earth’s atmosphere.

B. is transported by ocean currents

C. can be measured and analyzed by scientists

D. moves about the Earth’s equator

2. The passage mentions that the tropics differ from the Earth’s polar

regions in which of the following ways?

A. The height of cloud formation in the atmosphere

B. The amount of heat they receive from the Sun

C. The strength of their large scale winds

D. The strength of their oceanic currents

3. The word “convert” in line 5 is closest in meaning to______________ .

A. mix

B. change

C. adapt

D. reduce

4. Why does the author mention “the stove” in line 9?

A. To describe the heat of the Sun

B. To illustrate how water vapor is stored

C. To show how energy is stored

D. To give an example of a heat source

5. According to the passage, most ocean water evaporation occurs

especially ______________ .

A. around the higher latitudes

B. in the tropics

C. because of large-scale winds

D. because of strong ocean currents

6. According to the passage, 30 percent of the Sun’s incoming energy

_________________.

A. is stored in clouds in the lower latitudes

B. is transported by ocean currents

C. never leaves the upper atmosphere

D. gets stored as latent heat

7. The word “it” in line 17 refers to_______________________ .

A. square meter

B. the Sun’s energy

C. latent heat

D. the atmosphere

8. The word “primarily” in line 17 is closest in meaning to______________ .

A. chiefly

B. originally

C. basically

D. clearly

9. The word “‘prevailing” in line 18 is closest in meaning to______________ .

A.essential

B. dominant

C. circular

D. closest

10. All of the following words are defined in the passage EXCEPT__________ .

A. low latitudes (line 1)

B. latent heat (line 4)

C. evaporate (line 6)

D. atmosphere (line 13)

PASSAGE B

Diffusion, the process of introducing cultural elements from one

society into another, occurs in three basic patterns: direct contact, intermediate

contact, and stimulus diffusion.

In direct contact, elements of a society’s culture may be adopted first

by neighboring societies and then gradually spread farther afield. The

spread of the manufacture of paper is an example of extensive diffusion

by direct contact. The invention of paper is attributed to the Chinese

Ts’ai Lun in A.D. 105. Within fifty years, paper was being made in many

places in central China. By 264 it was found in Chinese Turkmenistan,

and from then on the successive places of manufacture were Samarkand

(751), Baghdad (793), Egypt (about 900), Morocco (about 1100), and

France (1189). In general, the pattern of accepting the borrowed invention

was the same everywhere. Paper was first imported into each area as a

luxury, then in ever-expanding quantities as a staple product. Finally,

usually within one to three centuries, local manufacture started.

Diffusion by intermediated contact occurs through the agency of third

parties. Frequently, traders carry a cultural trait from the society that

originated it to another group. As an example of diffusion through

intermediaries, Phoenician traders spread the alphabet, which may have

been invented by another Semitic group, to Greece. At times, soldiers

serve as intermediaries in spreading a culture trait. During the Middle

Ages, European soldiers acted as intermediaries in two ways: they

carried European culture to Arab societies of North Africa and brought

Arab culture back to Europe. In the nineteenth century Western

missionaries brought Western-style clothing to such places as Africa and

the Pacific islands.

In stimulus diffusion, knowledge of a trait belonging to another

culture stimulates the invention or development of a local equivalent. A

classic example of stimulus diffusion is the creation of the Cherokee

syllabic writing system by a Native American named Sequoya. Sequoya

got the idea from his contact with the English; yet he did not adopt the

writing system nor did he even learn to write English. He utilized some

English alphabetic symbols, altered others, and invented new ones. All

the symbols he used represented Cherokee syllables and had a

distinctly Cherokee form.

11. The passage mainly discusses how__________________________ .

A. cultures retain their unique characteristics

B. cultural elements transfer from one culture to another

C. paper came into general use

D. economies grew through trade and manufacturing

12. The word “attributed” in line 5 is closest in meaning to________________ .

A. credited

B. presented

C. promised

D. limited

13. The word “successive” in line 7 is closest in meaning to______________ .

A. specialized

B. principal

C. prosperous

D. subsequent

14. The word “it” in line 13 refers to_______________________ .

A. diffusion

B. contact

C. trait

D. society

15. According to the passage, a change that occurred in Africa and the

Pacific islands as a result of the arrival of missionaries was________ .

A. an increase in the presence of soldiers

B. variation in local style of dressing

C. the manufacture of paper

D. the introduction of new alphabetical systems

16. In stating that the Cherokee writing system is a classic example, the

author means that this example is especially____________________ .

A. representative

B. understandable

C. difficlut

D. old

17. What did Sequoya do?

A. Adopt the English writing system for use in Cherokee

B. Study English intensively in order to learn to write it

C. Teach English to Cherokee Native Americans

D. Create a Cherokee writing system based on elements of the

English alphabet

18. The origins of the Greek and Cherokee writing systems were discussed

in the passage because both systems___________________ .

A. underwent identical patterns of development in different parts of

the world

B. influenced the development of alphabets of other languages

C. represented distinct ways in which elements could be introduced

into a culture

D. were introduced by religious missionaries

19. Which of the following statements about direct contact, intermediate

contact, and stimulus diffusion is NOT true?

A. They all cause changes in culture.

B. They all occur in more than one culture.

C. They all involve the interaction of cultures.

D. They all require the trading of manufactured products.

20. The author organized the discussion in the passage by_______________ .

A. establishing a historical chronology from the past through the present

B. illustrating specific categories with examples

C. identifying important geographic regions

D. ranking categories from most to least significant

PART FOUR: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION

Rewrite each sentence in such a way that it means almost the same as

the one printed before it. Use the word in brackets.

1. They say he is able to swim across this river,(swimming)

-> He ………………………………………………………………………

2. They may be there at the meeting, or they may not. (out)

-> It is …………………………………………………………………….

3. “Don’t forget to hand in the paper by the deadline,” said the teacher. (reminder)

-> The teacher ……………………………………………………………

4. Learning English is becoming more and more popular in our city. (increasingly)

-> It has …………………………………………………………………….

5. Right after disembarkation from the plane, he was taken into custody,(got)

-> As………………………………………………………………………….

6. The teacher and his students knew nothing about the crack on the wall,(idea)

-> Neither …………………………………………………………………..

7. The boy’s effort really impressed the audience and judges,(left)

-> It was ………………………………………………………………….

8. Instead, you must try to have a good relationship with the others,(get)

-> I wish you ………………………………………………………………

9. I always go jogging in the morning to keep fit.(invariably)

-> In …………………………………………………………………………

10. Doubtlessly, Katie is the best violinist in the conservatory, (no-one)

->It goes …………………………………………………………………..

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