Đề kiểm tra trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 12, unit 9: Deserts (Đề 2)

Ngày 14/06 năm 2018 | Tin mới | Tag:

A. PHONETICS 1-5. Pick out the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of that of the words. 1. A. nonsmoker B. nonsense C. none D. nonstop 2. A. timber B. bomber C. plumber D. climber 3. A. construct B. constant C. evolve D. rocket 4. A. entire B. modest C. emphasis D. secure 5. A. chair B. cheap C. chorus D....

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A. PHONETICS

1-5. Pick out the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of that of the words.

1. A. nonsmoker B. nonsense C. none D. nonstop

2. A. timber B. bomber C. plumber D. climber

3. A. construct B. constant C. evolve D. rocket

4. A. entire B. modest C. emphasis D. secure

5. A. chair B. cheap C. chorus D. child

6 – 10. Pick out the word that has the stress differently from that of the words.

6. A. comprise B. remain C. along D. westward

7 A. across B. hummock C. network D. aerial

8. A. spinifex B. territory C. Sahara D. tableland

9. A. mystery B. separate C. European D. Petroleum

10. A. climate B. feature C. gazelle D. lizard

B. VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE

11-25. Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D that best completes each sentence.

11. He always stays calm in an emergency. He has a …. Head.

A. cold B. cool C. tender D. sympathetic

12. A huge cloud of dense smoke stretched …. The horizon.

A. at B. through C. across D. on

13. The storm is moving slowly …..

A. eastwards B. eastward

C. towards the east D. All are correct

14. The Sahara Desert …. for miles.

A. extends B. stretches C. reaches D. A and B

15. By this time all the wells had …..dry.

A. become B. got C. run D. all are correct

16. There is not much time left to do that work; the ….. running out.

A. slopes B. sands C. deserts D. dunes

17. ……. a detailed plan, the project was doomed from the start.

A. Absent B. without C. Not D. A and B

18. I-guess I’m a soft touch. I just lent Jane some money for lunch….. she never paid me back my last loan.

A. even though B. unless

C. or else D. only if

19. I think I did OK in my speech last night …. I’d had almost no sleep for 24 hours.

A. even B. in spite of

C. unless D. despite the fact that

20. I ask Mary to run the office while I’m away….. I know I can depend on her.

A. unless B. since C. although D. therefore

21. The sky was grey and cloudy….., we went to the beach.

A. Consequently B. Nevertheless C. Even though D. In spite of

22. I turned on the fan ….. the room was hot.

A. due to B. despite C. even though D. because

23. Sam and I will meet you at the restaurant tonight …. we can find a babysitter.

A. although B. unless C. otherwise D. only if

24. Carol showed up for the meeting …..I asked her not to be there.

A. even though B. despite C. provided that D. because

25. You must lend me the money for the trip…… , I won’t be able to go.

A. Consequently B. Nevertheless C. Otherwise D. Although

26 – 30. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.

26. We complained to the guide but she could not do a thingabout it.

A B C D

27. On Sunday mornings, I either go shoppingor stay at home and reading books and magazines.

A B C D

28. After George had returnedto his house, hewas reading a book.

A B C D

29. There is a motelat the comer of this street where the travellers can stay there.

A B C D

30. If I have to do many homework tonight, I will not be ableto attend the concert.

A B C D

31 – 35. Choose the correct sentence among A, B, C or D which has the same meaning as the given one.

31. If it hadn’t been for his carelessness, he would have finished the work.

A. He was careless because he hadn’t finished the work.

B. If he were careful, he would finish the work.

c. If he had been more careful, he would have finished the work.

D. Because he wasn’t careless, he didn’t finish the work.

32. I wish I had gone there with her.

A. I hadn’t gone there with her which makes me feel bad.

B. If only I went there with her.

C. I regret not having gone there with her.

D. If I had gone there with her, I wouldn’t have felt bad now.

33. The music was so loud that we couldn’t hear what you said.

A. You didn’t say loud enough for us to hear.

B. Because of the loud music, we couldn’t hear you.

C. The music was too loud that we couldn’t hear you.

D. The music was too loud for us to hear.

34. They will have the house redecorated soon.

A. They will have someone to redecorate the house soon.

B. The house will be redecorated soon.

c. They will get the house to be redecorated soon.

D. They themselves will redecorate the house soon.

35. However hard you work, you will never be promoted here.

A. You will never be promoted here; however, you work hard.

B. No matter how you work hard, you will be promoted here.

c. Although you work really hard, you will never be promoted here.

D. If you didn’t work hard, you would never be promoted here.

C. READING

36 – 45. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage:

The Southwestern States of the United States suffered one of the worst droughts in their history from 1931 to 1938. The drought (36)…. the entire country. Few food crops could be grown. Food became (37)…., and prices went up (38)…. the nation. Hundreds of families in the Dust Bowl region had to be moved to farms in other areas with the help of the federal government. In 1944, drought brought great damage to (39)…. all Latin America. The drought moved to Australia and then to Europe, (40)…. it continued throughout the summer of 1945. From 1950 to 1954 in the United States, the Southwest suffered a (41)….. drought Hundreds of cattle ranches had to ship their cattle to other regions because (42)… lands had no grass. The federal government again (43)….. an emergency drought-relief program. Ít offered farmers (44)…. credit and seed grains (45)… low prices.

36. A. pushed B. incurred C. occurred D. affected

37. A. scarce B. mystified C. hidden D. uncommon

38. A. over B. throughout C. all D. across

39. A. near B. totally C. almost D. factually

40. A. which B. that C. where D. when

41. A. heavy B. Sharp C. strict D. severe

42. A. pasture B. culture C. moisture D. manure

43. A. carried B. conducted C. convened D. conformed

44. A. emergency B. crisis C. tension D. disaster

45. A. to B. in C. over D. at

46 – 50. Choose the item among A, B, C or D thai best answers the question about the passage:

Desert is the term applied to regions of the earth that are characterized by less than 254 mm (10. inches) of annual rainfall, an evaporation rate that exceeds precipitation, and, in most cases, a high average temperature. Because of a lack of moisture in the soil and low humidity in the atmosphere, most of the sunlight penetrates to the ground. Daytime temperatures can reach 55° c (131° F) in the shade. At night the desert floor radiates heat back to the atmosphere, and the temperature can drop to near freezing. Deserts are caused by a combination of climate patterns and geological features.

Because so little water moves through the desert soil to carry nutrients away, desert soils are naturally fertile. Crops are grown on desert lands with water provided by irrigation from rivers or wells. Such transformations of deserts are not without problems. Evaporation of the irrigation water results in the accumulation of salt on the surface soil, eventually rendering it useless for further crop production. By tapping reservoirs of fossil water deep beneath the desert, humans are, in effect, mining water. Once this water is gone, it is irreplaceable. Burning and overgrazing of semiarid lands on the periphery of deserts can irreversibly damage the plants that concentrate moisture and hold the soil together, thus enabling deserts to encroach on arable land. This encroachment, a serious world problem, is called desertification. A 1984 report of a desertification study made for the United Nations stated that 35 percent of the earth’s land surface was at least threatened by such processes.

46. What are the causes of the formation of deserts?

A. An evaporation rate that exceeds precipitation, and a high average temperature.

B. A lack of moisture in the soil and low humidity in the atmosphere.

c. A combination of climate patterns and geological features.

D. AU are correct.

47. At night the temperature on deserts can drop to near freezing because

A. there is no sunlight.

B. the desert floor radiates heat back to the atmosphere.

C. there is a lack of moisture in the soil and low humidity in the atmosphere

D. there is little annual rainfall.

48. Parmers have difficulty in growing crops on desert lands because

A. nutrients are carried away.

B. water provided by irrigation from rivers or wells is impossible.

C. crops are grown on desert lands with water provided by irrigation from rivers or wells with problems.

D. the soil is not fertile.

49. How can people keep water in the ground on deserts?

A. By tapping reservoirs of fossil water deep beneath the desert.

B. By mining water.

C. By irrigation from rivers or wells.

D. A and B.

50. What are the causes of the process of desertification?

A. Burning and overgrazing of semiarid lands on the periphery of deserts

B. Water provided by irrigation from rivers or wells is gone.

C. The plants that concentrate moisture and hold the soil together are damaged, so deserts can encroach on arable land.

D. All are correct.

ĐÁP ÁN
DA unit 9 de 2

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